Lawyers have an important role in our justice system.
A criminal lawyer is rather most wanted in our judicial set up, because of continuously rising number of crimes in our societies. Lawyers undertake the work solely in accordance with the legal system prevalent in the country.
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Currently there are three legal systems in vogue which are British, American and Islamic.
Countries having been under the British occupation during and upto nineteenth century are generally working on British system. Continents of Asian, Africa and some of East Asian countries are having British legal system. Since United States of America has been a British subject, its law is also influenced by the British legal system.
Although, Islamic criminal law is not enforced at the state level, anywhere in the world, barring a few exceptions like Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and former Taliban, led Afghanistan, but is followed by pockets of people living in different Muslim dominated countries.
Accused need guidance by a criminal jurist or a legal advisor.
Criminal laws are enforced in the world, based on the prime principle that can excess against the state or public, is a crime while an offence against the individuals are called civil wrongs. Crimes are supposed to be dealt with a firm hand, however, the basic principle of law stipulates that an innocent person must never be condemned unheard.
It is here that the role of a criminal legal advisor comes in.
Like other groups of workers, lawyers work in markets, generally located near city courts. Experienced lawyers, however, have joined together to make law firms and law consortiums and share the common knowledge.
Their services are often dependent upon the intricacies of the case and also offer opinions. Criminal law experts offer services like payments on acquittal and such other terms. Every country keeps their criminals law in a codified format and do not allow unwritten laws.
A crime which has not been, registered in the code cannot be applied and accused often take advantage of such legal discrepancies. Lawyers try to make use of legal gaps and seek acquittal of their clients using such gaps. In most of the countries, insane, minors and such other people are not charged.
Mostly the accused is in such cases is subject to a smaller punishment or acquitted.
As a common rule, an offence caused by forced intoxication is also not charged provided the offence has been done unintentionally and under the influence of intoxication. When a criminal advisor is expert in intricacies of the local law, he should be hired by a client.
A criminal offence is never punished for an offence that he has done in the past and went unpunished. Moreover, the accused is to be charged only under the country’s valid laws. As per basic laws of natural justice, prosecution is responsible for proving the case and he is responsible for proving the guilt against the accused.
An accused is always considered free of any charge until convicted and the charge proved against him. A lawyer is an important person since he contributes to the society by defending only the right people.